Caribbean Rainfall Cycle


Caribbean Rainfall Cycle

The Caribbean is a complex region that heavily relies on its rainfall cycle for its economic and societal needs. This makes the Caribbean especially susceptible to hydro-meteorological disasters (e.g., droughts and floods), and other weather/climate risks. Therefore, effectively predicting the Caribbean rainfall cycle is valuable for the region. The efficacy of predicting the Caribbean rainfall cycle is largely dependent on effectively characterizing the climate dynamics of the region. However, the dynamical processes and climate drivers that shape the seasonal cycle are not fully understood, as previous observational studies show inconsistent findings as to what mechanisms influence the mean state and variability of the cycle.

These inconsistencies can be attributed to the limitations previous studies have when investigating the Caribbean rainfall cycle, such as using monthly or longer resolutions in the data or analysis that often mask the seasonal transitions and regional differences of rainfall, and investigating the Caribbean under a basin-wide lens rather than a sub-regional lens. This inhibits the ability to accurately calculate and predict subseasonal-to-seasonal (S2S) rainfall characteristics in the region. To address these limitations and inconsistencies, this research examines the seasonal climatology, variability, and characteristics of the Caribbean rainfall cycle under a sub-regional and temporally fine lens in order to investigate the prediction of the cycle.

Publications

Refereed/Peer-Reviewed

Martinez, C., Goddard, L., Kushnir, Y. Ting, M. Interannual Variability of Early and Late-Rainy Seasons in the Caribbean. Climate Dynamics. (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-020-05341-z

Martinez, C., Goddard, L., Kushnir, Y. Ting, M. Seasonal climatology and dynamical mechanisms of rainfall in the Caribbean. Climate Dynamics. (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-019-04616-4

Submitted/In Preparation

Martinez, C., Munoz A, Goddard L, Kushnir Y, Ting M. Seasonal Prediction of the Caribbean Rainfall Cycle. Climate Services (in review)

Awards

Outstanding Oral Presentation Award – Climate Variability and Change Conference, 100th AMS Meeting, 2020: Martinez, C., Goddard, L., Kushnir, Y. Ting, M. Interannual Variability of Early and Late-Rainy Seasons in the Caribbean.

Outstanding Student Presentation Award – 2018 AGU Fall Meeting: Martinez, C., Goddard, L., Kushnir, Y. Ting, M. Seasonal climatology and dynamical mechanisms of rainfall in the Caribbean..